A migraine attack may strike without notice. Fortunately, the sooner an individual identifies the signs of a migraine attack, the sooner he or she can take the necessary steps to address migraine pain.
Migraine symptoms vary from person to person. Common migraine symptoms include:
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Sensitivity to sound (phonophobia)
- Upset stomach
- Abdominal pain
- Changes in vision
If an individual experiences one or more of the aforementioned symptoms, a migraine attack may be underway. In this scenario, there are several things a person can do to alleviate migraine pain, such as:
- Find a place to relax. Migraine attacks are sometimes triggered by loud sounds or bright lights. Thus, a person who experiences migraine pain may want to find a dark, quiet setting where he or she can rest.
- Use deep breathing and relaxation exercises. Deep breathing and relaxation exercises may help a person shorten and alleviate migraine pain. Additionally, these exercises may help a person prevent a migraine attack from occurring.
- Apply a hot or cold compress to the forehead or neck. An ice pack may help a person numb migraine pain, while a hot pack may relax muscles that tighten during a migraine attack.
- Drink a caffeinated beverage. Small amounts of caffeine have been shown to help people relieve pain in the early stages of a migraine attack. However, too much caffeine may cause withdrawal headaches to occur.
It may be beneficial to keep a migraine diary, too. Migraine pain typically lasts between two hours and three days. If a person finds he or she experiences migraines regularly, a migraine diary enables this individual to log the exact date and time of his or her migraine attacks. Then, this individual can provide his or her migraine diary to a primary care doctor or neurologist as part of a migraine evaluation.
If an individual receives a migraine diagnosis, he or she may be prescribed different types of migraine medications. These medications generally fall into three categories:
- Preventative: Used regularly to help an individual reduce migraine frequency, duration and/or severity.
- Abortive: Used during the initial stages of a migraine attack to slow down or stop migraine symptoms.
- Rescue: Used during an active migraine attack to alleviate migraine symptoms.
Medications are commonly prescribed to migraine sufferers. Yet migraine medications offer no guarantees. In some instances, migraine medications do not address an individual’s migraine symptoms. Perhaps even worse, migraine medications sometimes cause intolerable side effects.
At The Migraine Institute, Dr. Jonathan Cabin helps migraine sufferers who have received a chronic migraine diagnosis from a neurologist and find their current medications are ineffective or cause unbearable side effects. He applies his unique expertise in both facial plastic and reconstructive surgery and head and neck surgery to help patients achieve long-term migraine relief.
Dr. Cabin takes a personalized approach to patient care. He analyzes a patient’s medical history and performs extensive testing to understand a patient’s anatomical migraine triggers. Dr. Cabin then offers a custom treatment program to help a patient address his or her migraine pain.
For chronic migraine sufferers who find their current medications fail to deliver the desired results, Dr. Cabin can help. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Cabin, please contact us today at 310.461.0303.